Drafting and Architecture Online – The Training You Need

Many people never take the time and actually look at the buildings they walk past everyday going to work. These buildings came from drafting and architectural professionals who planned them out prior to being built in their location. The people behind the design and architecture of the building drafted the building to have a specific purpose and function, while making it look aesthetically pleasing. If having your work on display to the public for years to come sounds interesting and rewarding then an online degree in drafting and architecture might be the right fit for you.

1. Many online schools offer education in drafting and architecture that will help you gain the skills needed to develop architectural drawings. Drawings will be used in the construction of the building or will be used to gain perspective from different viewpoints. Accredited online schools prepare students by starting with the basic which include design, drawing, history, technology, theory, and more. You will find that most job prospects will greatly enhance if a degree is obtained. Most online schools offer an associate’s degree in architectural drafting. However, a number of schools offer a bachelor’s and master’s degree for the dedicated individual who wants to go higher in the professional industry.

2. Training needed to perform work duties will include a solid foundation in mathematics as well as in depth knowledge of computer aided design, more commonly known as CAD. When looking for degree programs find one that has both of these criteria as a required section of study. Programs that prepare students in these areas will help individuals master the computer software needed to perform job activities, and will help students gain a theoretical and practical background in the field. Course work should include lab projects and a ‘learn by practicing’ environment. Programs will teach students career management techniques, communication skills, and prepare them for entry-level skills that will aid them in the professional work place to be an architectural drafter, CAD drafter, and more. Both associate’s degree and bachelor’s degree programs provide students with these skills to aid them in meeting their career goals.

3. If you already have some schooling under your belt a master’s degree program in architectural drafting may be available to you. Since many individuals who enter a master’s degree program have experience in the profession, the course load capitalizes on the student’s school and work experience. People enrolled in a masters program usually want to move up in the professional industry and learn the new and up to date techniques in drafting and architecture. Advanced courses will help them train for higher-level jobs. These courses can include urban elements, principles, Italian urbanism, and procedures of classical architecture.

Online schools offer a great way for individuals to gain a degree without putting their life on hold to do so. The benefits of gaining an online education allow students to set their own pace and work from the comfort of their own home. Students with exceptional work ethic can finish programs ahead of schedule and join the industry in their preferred field. Students should ensure an online college is accredited before enrolling in a degree program. Agencies like The National Architectural Accrediting Board (http://www.naab.org) can provide full accreditation to qualifying programs. Official accreditation will provide proof of a legitimate education and professionals will accept your degree. Start your degree in drafting and architecture today and search out accredited schools that will provide a quality education and fit your schedule.

DISCLAIMER: Above is a GENERIC OUTLINE and may or may not depict precise methods, courses and/or focuses related to ANY ONE specific school(s) that may or may not be advertised at PETAP.org.

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Industrial Layout – A Combination of Engineering and Architecture!

When a new plant is erected, a good deal of expertise is used by management to design a proper layout. A comprehensive approach with regard to the placement of machineries, location of stores, inspection cabins, tool rooms, maintenance wings, receiving and shipping departments, toilets, canteens and other handling equipments, is necessary for achieving quick and smooth production at the least cost. There is no set pattern of layout for all plants. What is suitable for a giant plant will not be fit for a small factory. What goes well with a processing industry may not match a job industry. But, the basic principles governing a plant layout are more or less the same.

The all time concern of big industries is the ever rising cost of production. Their priority would be mass production or continuous production to factorise the economy of scale. This is possible where industries are involved in producing highly standardized products. Industries involved in the production of customized or specialized products, catering to premium customers, cannot go for mass production since it is not a feasible option. They have to dedicate separate lines of production for different products. Invariable of the type of production, all industries need to cut down their costs wherever possible. The only possible solution is to design a suitable layout that facilitates uniform and minimum movement of materials thus avoiding wastage, minimization of production delays and avoidance of bottlenecks.

An ideally laid plant layout reduces manufacturing costs through reduced materials handling, reduces personnel; and equipment requirements and reduced in-process inventory. It is amazing how industries in Japan have mastered the art of employing Just-in-time concept, which focuses on continuous improvement and increases the rate of return on investment by reducing the in-process inventory and associated costs. The importance of plant layout would be better appreciated if one understands the influence of an efficient layout on the manufacturing function.

An efficient plant layout would definitely incorporate the following aspects:

  • Economies in handling-cut down material handling costs that account for 30-40 percent of the manufacturing cost
  • Effective use of available space-especially in urban areas, where every inch of available space is an asset.
  • Minimization of production delays-on time delivery schedules and speedy execution will help.
  • Improved quality control-to reach expected standards of production
  • Minimum equipment investment-by planned machine balance and location
  • Identification and rectification of bottlenecks-don’t allow materials to pile up at any place of production,don’t allow workers to be lethargic, keep the machines in the best of condition to speed up operations
  • Better production control-facilitated by a planned layout
  • Better supervision-a good plant layout enables the supervisor to have a hawks eye on the entire shop floor
  • Improved utilization of labor-process flow should be planned in such a way that workers should be equipped all the time without any lull
  • Improved employee morale-by providing better working conditions, employee facilities, increased earnings, reduced accidents etc. ,

A good plant layout must also have scope for expansion or revision in future. Even best layouts become obsolete over a period of time, so revisions ranging from minor alterations to a complete dismantling of the existing structure and installation of a new layout become necessary from time to time. Manufacturers, who are keen to survive the global competition, must consider revising their layouts which should fall in line with technological and market innovations.

Travel Italy – Highlights of Italian Art and Architecture

Every year millions of visitors trek through Italy in search of ancient culture, great food, art, architecture, and more. The allure is immediate even to those who have never been.

There is more art and architecture to see in Italy than one person could possibly
experience in a lifetime. Rome, Florence, and Venice alone offer an unending array
of design excursions. Highlighted here are some of the must see designs of both
ancient and modern Italy. Talk a trip, bring a sketch book, and see the gorgeous art
and design that is synonymous with Italian life.

The Coliseum – An architectural marvel, the coliseum was built beginning
in 72 A.M. Originally used as a source of entertainment (usually forced barbaric
combat) the Coliseum is still an amazing site. Strangely, although it could be
considered a source of embarrassment of the past, it has been come to known as
one of the ultimate icons of ancient Roman greatness. Location: the Piazza del
Colosseo, Via dei Fori Imperiali, Rome

Vatican City – This tiny country is perhaps one of the most remarkable
aspects of Rome. Vatican City is the heart of Catholicism, both spiritually and
politically. St. Peter himself was crucified on this spot, and St. Peter’s basilica was
built directly above the ancient hill. Both the Basilica and St. Peter’s square are still
studied today in architecture and art history classes. You can wander the Vatican
Museums for days, including a visit to the Sistine Chapel, to see some of the true
masterpieces of Roman art. Location: Entry through Saint Peter’s Square, Rome

Il Duomo (The Cathedral of Santa Maria Dei Fiori) – Il Duomo is considered
by many to be the grandest achievement in Renaissance architecture. The octagonal
dome, originally designed by Brunelleschi was the largest in the world when built.
Since then, Il Duomo , which took nearly six centuries to complete, has become
Florence’s symbol. Climb the 414 steps of the bell tower, and Renaissance Florence
will be laid before you. Location: Piazza del Duomo, Florence.

Piazza San Marco – Piazza San Marco is still studied today by architects
and urban planners as one of the most beautiful and successful public squares. The
square is surrounded by cafes, shops, and of course the Campanile and St. Peter’s
Basilica. Visitors and locals alike sip espresso in its cafes, meet to talk, and climb
the Campanile to see an amazing view of Venice. Location: Piazza San Marco, with
the Basilica at the wider end, Venice.

The Peggy Guggenheim Collection – In a city world renown for its
ancient art and architecture, the Guggenheim Collection houses one of the greatest
collections of modern art. her collection includes works by Pollack, Picasso, Klee,
Rothko, Chagall, Mondrian, and more. There is also a gorgeous sculpture garden
housing even more works. Location: Calle Venice dei Leoni, Dorsoduro, Venice.

The Brion Vega Cemetery – The Brion Vega is considered one of Carlo
Scarpa’s masterpieces. Scarpa was and still is often considered the premier modern
Italian architect. The memorial is a great concrete and landscaped form if rectilinear,
stepping, and sculptural concrete elements. It is an amazing pilgrimage for the
architecture buff. Location: San Vito d’Altivole.

You can wander Italy for ages and never take in all of the art and architecture. Still,
the sites listed above are some of the must sees for lovers of art, architecture, and
travel. Open your eyes and see the Italian design that has been around for centuries,
and that which continues to flourish today.